About us

Area of competence

Reliable evaluation of the authenticity of baked clay objects requires, besides complex technical equipment, wide expert knowledge. Authenticity Analyzes of art objects sometimes differ substantially from analyzes of secured scientific findings. There are usually much larger amounts of samples. In addition, it is possible to detect environmental data of storage, which flows into the age calculation. 40 years of TL-analysis of ceramics from such differnt areas as, for example, Chinese, Antique, African or Pre-Columbien culture underlines great experience. The tests for authencity are performed according to the thermoluminecence-procedure (TL). Latest computer technology supports and completes analysis. Thus defination of age is possible with +/- 15-35% exactitude. This is more than sufficient to identify modern imitations.

The certificate

The Ralf Kotalla Laboratory establishes only top quality expert reports. These are outstanding by quickness of analysis, precision of statements and layout. In urgent cases, transportation of objects for analysis or the taking of samples on the spot, abroad or at home, are part of the institute´s extensive service. Regular visits to Paris, Brussels and Zurich round off our service.
In all cases, from the taking of samples to the complete expert´s report, Ralf and Benjamin Kotalla are your partners.

“TL-authentication” – working conditions?

TL-systems:

 2 x Lexsysmart   Freiberg Instruments   ;  Daybreak Tl 1150; Tl 1100;

Alpha and Beta Multiple Sample Irradiator Littlemore and 2 Daybreak

Filter:  Schott BG 39-BG29 KG 3  ;     Daybreak   Corning 7-59 / 5-60; Schott BG-39

 PMT    Hamamatsu   H7360-02  Lexsmart   ;    EMI  9235QA    Daybreak

ß-Source: Lex  Sr 90  0,131 Gy/sec.   01.04.2017    Daybreak  0,068 Gy/sec 01.04 2017

a-Source:    CM-244 Curium 0,5 mCi

Working method

Working method:

Fine grain sedimentation following treatment in diluted hydrochloric acid.

2 Grain size fraction following repeated double sedimentation  4- 11 and 15-50 micro m

ultrasonication in the beginning to get all the fine grains into suspension to get rid oft he

sub-micron particles.Measurements are carried out in an ultra- pure nitrogen  atmosphere of at least 5,0 N2.

 

Regeneration and Addition (MAR-MAAD ) method  (  Second glow –

Normalization )       Pre-dose :

 

Result provides a statement on the last time of firing.

The age specification contained in the TL expertise refers to the so-called  “firing age”of the sample(s) (minerals), i.e. to the time at which they were last heated to a temperatureof over 500 degrees C and mentions the place on the object from which the sample (s)was / were taken.TL measurements to specify age can be falsified if objects have been subjected to high X and Y radiation doses or neutron bombardment.X – radiation, for example during the course of baggage controls, is no significance.( Error factor under 0,1 % )The TL-Report do not provide on the investigation of polymers (synthetic and natural resins)of all kinds.If an object has been re-modelled, the date of the sample will the last firing and not the date of re-modelling . Th and U value with ICP/MS   K  value  with AMS/AES can be order separate .

Sampling:

Samples are taken using a drill ( TiC (titan carbide) – WC (tungsten carbide : Hardness is about 9 on Moh’s scale)  2,5 -3mm) at low speed following previous removal of the surface.. As a rule, two -three samples are taken from each test specimen, which are subjected to two-three separate TL analyses , in each case specifying the drilling position.The sample quantities are minimal (50-200 mg).If  restoration work of the samples is  discovered in one of the objects to be tested, the TL expertise carries the appropriate reference.Condition and restoration on the objects can be proofed by separate methods!!

Photos:

The laboratory requires one photo for the compilation of a Tl expertise.The laboratory guarantees strict  confidentiality in  the  processing of TL-analyses and the compilation of TL expertise’s.Expertise’s are printed out without specifying the name of the commissioning party.